This land was adopted by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and was consequently given the nickname of Imperial Apulia. The Castel del Monte region extends inside the perimeter of the National Park of Alta Murgia and is closely related to its surrounding municipalities of Andria , Barletta, Bisceglie, Canosa di Puglia, Corato, Margherita di Savoia, Minervino Murge, San Ferdinando di Puglia, Spinazzola, Trani and Trinitapoli.
Wandering through the countryside is an unforgettable experience in itself. Visitors stumble into perfectly preserved medieval villages whose harbors witnessed departures of armies towards the Holy Land and the coming and going of merchant vessels to the major Mediterranean ports.
The view from Castel del Monte, a splendid and unique medieval military castle built under Emperor Federick II and made a UNESCO World Heritage Site, opens up revealing the area’s natural boundaries, inhabitants, the wide variety of local vegetation and geometrically perfect patterns of alternating olive groves and rows of vineyards.
The Murgia territory has always been affected by karsification of its landscape: rainwater rich in carbon dioxide slowly eroded the underlying limestone bedrock in the course of millennia, this phenomenon has brought about spectacular formations both on the surface and beneath with the development of extensive underground caves and caverns. Fractures, chasms, gullies, ravines, sinkholes and ponors are the most obvious signs of these extraordinary natural transformations. This striking scenario allows us to understand and appreciate the history of this area and its communities. A cultural heritage that echoes the myths and legends of its past and that has accompanied man’s presence over the centuries.